The Role of Innovative Work Behavior as an Intervening Variable in the Relationship between Transformational Leadership and Information Sharing on Employee Performance

Yayuk Indriani *

Magister Manajemen, Pascasarjana, Muhammadiyah University of Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

Sri Handari Wahyuningsih

Magister Manajemen, Pascasarjana, Muhammadiyah University of Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

Ika Nurul Qamari

Magister Manajemen, Pascasarjana, Muhammadiyah University of Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

A company needs a leader who can make a good impact on its employees and who will later influence their performance. Sharing information and innovative work behavior within a company will also affect performance within the company. In this analysis, two exogenous variables are used: Transformational Leadership and Information Sharing, and the endogenous variables of employee performance and innovative work behavior as intervening variables. The data collected from this study is as many as 150 respondents and was obtained from 7 start-up companies located in Yogyakarta. The sampling technique in this study uses purposive samplings. The data analysis technique in this analysis uses Structural Equation Modelling with the help of SmartPLS-3. The results of this study show that the entire hypothesis submitted is accepted. Innovative work behavior has a mediating role for Transformational Leadership and Information Sharing. This suggests that fostering transformational leadership qualities and promoting a culture of information sharing can lead to improved employee performance through enhanced innovative work behavior. Such findings have significant implications for organizations aiming to enhance their performance through leadership and communication strategies.

Keywords: Transformational leadership, Information sharing, innovative work behavior, employee performance


How to Cite

Indriani, Y., Wahyuningsih , S. H., & Qamari , I. N. (2024). The Role of Innovative Work Behavior as an Intervening Variable in the Relationship between Transformational Leadership and Information Sharing on Employee Performance. Asian Journal of Economics, Business and Accounting, 24(5), 269–282. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajeba/2024/v24i51309

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Teece DJ. Business models and dynamic capabilities. Long Range Planning. 2018; 51(1):40–49 Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lrp.2017.06.007

Cheung MFY, Wong CS. Transformational leadership, leader support, and employee creativity. Leadership and Organization Development Journal. 2011;32(7):656–672 Available:https://doi.org/10.1108/01437731111169988

Muttaqin GF, Taqi M, Arifin B. Job performance during COVID-19 pandemic: A study on indonesian startup companies* Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business. 2020;7(12):1027–1033 Available:https://doi.org/10.13106/JAFEB.2020.VOL7.NO12.1027

Barsh J. Innovative management: A conversation with gary hamel and lowell bryan. McKinsey Quarterly. 2008;1:1–6.

Kaukab ME, Anggara AA. Does trade openness and inflation rate have dynamic interconnected patterns? An autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) model co-integration approach. Journal of Economics, Finance and Management (JEFM). 2024;3(1):181-193.

Lin CT, Wang LY, Yang CC, Anggara AA, Chen KW. Personality traits and purchase motivation, purchase intention among fitness club members in Taiwan: Moderating role of emotional sensitivity. Pakistan Journal of Life and Social Sciences. 2022;20(1):80-95

Nambisan S. Information technology and product/service innovation: A brief assessment and some suggestions for future research. Journal of the Association for Information Systems; 2013 Available:https://doi.org/10.17705/1jais.00327

Sessa VI. A model for managing research and development teams. Paradigm for the Successful Utilization of Renewable Resources; 1998. Available:https://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=id&as_sdt=0,5&cluster=11075975897326847981#d=gs_cit&u=%2Fscholar%3Fq%3Dinfo%3A7Yf0RGXFtZkJ%3Ascholar.google.com%2F%26output%3Dcite%26scirp%3D0%26scfhb%3D1%26hl%3Did

Mumford MD, Connelly S, Gaddis B. How creative leaders think: Experimental findings and cases. Leadership Quarterly. 2003;14(4–5):411–432. Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/S1048-9843(03)00045-6

Jaussi KS, Dionne SD. Leading for creativity: The role of unconventional leader behavior. Leadership Quarterly. 2003;14(4–5):475–498. Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/S1048-9843(03)00048-1

Trevelyan R. The paradox of autonomy: A case of academic research scientists. Human Relations. 2001;54(4):495–525. Available:https://doi.org/10.1177/0018726701544005

Ahmad S, Shahzad K. HRM and employee performance: A case of university teachers of Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK) in Pakistan. African Journal of Business Management. 2011;5(13):5249–5253. Available:https://doi.org/10.5897/AJBM10.1605

Anggara AA, Weihwa P, Khananda RWV, Randikaparsa I. How do Indonesia firms encounter covid-19 pandemic? An Evidence of Transformation of the Roots of Competitive Advantage from EMDE Country. Quality-Access to Success. 2024; 25(198).

Anggara AA, Kaukab ME, Randikaparsa I. Optimizing Halal Supply Chains in the Food Industry: Enhancing Sales Management through ERP System Integration. Asian Journal of Economics, Business an Accounting. 2024;24(2):52-63.

Anggara AA, Kaukab ME, Pradhipta Y. Social media Instagram and purchasing decisions. South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics. 2024;21(1):105-111.

Pfeffer J. Producing sustainable competitive advantage through the effective management of people. Academy of Management Executive. 2005;19(4):95–106 Available:https://doi.org/10.5465/AME.2005.19417910

Anggara AA, Pramuka BA. What is Behind Green Industry Motive to Maintain Rural Areas? In SHS Web of Conferences EDP Sciences. 2020;86:01012.

Anitha J. Determinants of employee engagement and their impact on employee performance. International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management. 2013;63(3):308–323 Available:https://doi.org/10.1108/IJPPM-01-2013-0008

Battistelli A, Odoardi C, Vandenberghe C, Di Napoli G, Piccione L. Information sharing and innovative work behavior: The role of work-based learning, challenging tasks, and organizational commitment. Human Resource Development Quarterly. 2019;30(3):361–381 Available:https://doi.org/10.1002/hrdq.21344

De Jong J, Den Hartog D. Measuring innovative work behavior. Creativity and Innovation Management. 2010;19(1):23–36. Available:https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8691.2010.00547.x

Fei X. The Research on Information Sharing Behavior in Digital Age: Enabling Collaboration for Innovation. Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Innovation and Management. 2011;888–891.

De Jong S, Bruch H. The importance of a homogenous transformational leadership climate for organizational performance. International Journal of Leadership Studies. 2013;8(1):61–78.

Farr J, Ford C. Individual Innovation. In West, M. and Farr, J. Managing Innovation, Sage; 1990. Available:https://www.scirp.org/(S(351jmbntvnsjt1aadkposzje))/reference/ReferencesPapers.aspx?ReferenceID=1122034

Handayani E, Anggara AA, Hapsari I, Lin CT. Developing an instrument and assessing sdgs implementation in indonesian higher education. International Journal of Sustainable Development and Planning. 2024;19(2).

Handayani E, Hapsari I, Anggara AA. Does the implementation of SDGs improve the performance of universities? International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science. 2023;(2147-4478);12(4): 454-460.

Balazs Fazekas. Value-Creating Uncertainly-A Real Options Approach in Venture Capital. 2016;15(4):151.

Eisenmann T, Ries E, Dillard S. Hypothesis-Driven Entrepreneurship : The Lean Startup. 2016;1–26.

Shanker R, Bhanugopan R, Van Der Heijden BIJM, Farrell M. Organizational climate for innovation and organizational performance: The mediating effect of innovative work behavior. Journal of Vocational Behavior. 2017;100:67–77. Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2017.02.004

Vos SC, Buckner MM. Social media messages in an emerging health crisis: Tweeting bird flu. Journal of Health Communication. 2016;21(3):301–308 Available: https://doi.org/10.1080/10810730.2015.1064495

Vrontis D, El Nemar S, Al Osta B, Azizi JR. Impact of Innovation and Change Management on Employees’ Performance. 2018;131–150. Available:https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-90945-5_7.

Yang CC, Lin CT, Mao TY, Anggara AA, Wu CP. Leisure motivation and happiness, mediation of leisure attitude and perceived value: An evidence from large and heavy motorbike riders in taiwan. Annals of Applied Sport Science. 2023; 11(2):0-0.

Randikaparsa I, Anggara AA, Suparno C, Rafinda A. Understanding the role of materialism on the relationship between advertising and compulsive. Management Analysis Journal. 2022;11(3):253-259.

Robbins SP. Organizational behavior. Pearson Australia; 2011.

Sekaran U, Bougie R. Research methods for business (Sixth Edit). Salemba Empat; 2013.

McGourty J, Tarshis LA, Dominick P. Managing innovation: Lessons from world-class organizations. International Journal of Technology Management. 1996;11(3–4):354–368 Available:https://doi.org/10.1504/IJTM.1996.025438

Bernard M Bass. Leadership and Performance Beyond Expectations; 1985.

Rafferty AE, Griffin MA. Dimensions of transformational leadership: Conceptual and empirical extensions. Leadership Quarterly. 2004;15(3):329–354 Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.leaqua.2004.02.009

Buil I, Martínez E, Matute J. Transformational leadership and employee performance: The role of identification, engagement and proactive personality. International Journal of Hospitality Management. 2019;77(May):64–75. Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhm.2018.06.014

Arif S, Akram A. Transformational leadership and organizational performance the mediating role of organizational innovation. SEISENSE Journal of Management. 2018;1(3):201–219 Available: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1306335

Top C, Mohammad B, Abdullah S, Hemn A, Faraj M. Transformational leadership impact on employee’s performance. Eurasian Journal of Management and Social Sciences. 2020;1(1):49–59 Available:https://doi.org/10.23918/ejmss.v1i1p49

Cahyandani PT. Pengaruh Kepemimpinan Transformasional dan Employee Engagement terhadap Kinerja Karyawan PT Taspen (Persero) Kantor Cabang Utama Surabaya. Jurnal Ilmu Manajemen. 2021;9(1):19. Available:https://doi.org/10.26740/jim.v9n1.p19-27

Ramadhani MA, Indawati N. Pengaruh Kepemimpinan Transformasional terhadap Kinerja Karyawan melalui Otonomi Kerja. Jurnal Ilmu Manajemen. 2021;9(3):1101–1112 Available:https://doi.org/10.26740/jim.v9n3.p1101-1112

Almer R, Djamhur H, Nimran Iqbal. RJOAS, 1(61), January 2017. RJOAS. 2017;1(January):119–126.

Mesmer-Magnus JR, DeChurch LA. Information Sharing and Team Performance: A Meta-Analysis. Journal of Applied Psychology. 2009;94(2):535–546. Available:https://doi.org/10.1037/a0013773

Li SX, Sandino T. Effects of an information sharing system on employee creativity, engagement, and performance. Journal of Accounting Research. 2017;56(2):713–747 Available:https://doi.org/10.1111/1475-679X.12202

Mandasari N, Widiartanto W. Pengaruh Information Sharing, Knowledge Sharing dan Relation Terhadap Performance Perusahaan. Jurnal Ilmu Administrasi Bisnis; 2016 Available:https://ejournal3.undip.ac.id/index.php/jiab/article/view/13559%0Ahttps://ejournal3.undip.ac.id/index.php/jiab/article/download/13559/13113

Dyer JH, Nobeoka K. Creating and managing a high-performance knowledge-sharing network: The Toyota case. Strategic Management Journal. 2000; 21(3):345–367 Available:https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-0266(200003)21:3<345::AID-SMJ96>3.0.CO;2-N

Rajalingam Y, Jauhar J, Abdul Ghani B. A study on the impact of empowerment on employee performance in the automotive industry in Malaysia. International Journal of Liberal Arts and Social Science. 2011;3(1):92–104.

Hater JJ, Bass BM. Superiors’ evaluations and subordinates’ perceptions of transformational and transactional leadership. Journal of Applied Psychology. 1988;73(4):695–702 Available:https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.73.4.695

Li H, Sajjad N, Wang Q, Ali AM, Khaqan Z, Amina S. Influence of transformational leadership on employees’ innovative work behavior in sustainable organizations: Test of mediation and moderation processes. Sustainability (Switzerland). 2019;11(6):1–21 Available:https://doi.org/10.3390/su11061594

Sangperm N, Chienwattanasook K. Roles of transformational leadership that encourage employees to have the innovation work behavior. Asian Administration and Management Review. 2019;2(1):33–41. Available:https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3367990

Reuvers M, Van Engen ML, Vinkenburg CJ, Wilson-Evered E. Transformational leadership and innovative work behavior: Exploring the relevance of gender differences. Creativity and Innovation Management. 2008;17(3):227–244. Available: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8691.2008.00487.x

Afsar B, Umrani WA. Transformational leadership and innovative work behavior: The role of motivation to learn, task complexity and innovation climate. European Journal of Innovation Management. 2020;23(3):402–428. Available: https://doi.org/10.1108/EJIM-12-2018-0257

Masood M, Afsar B. Transformational leadership and innovative work behavior among nursing staff. Nursing Inquiry. 2017;24(4). Available:https://doi.org/10.1111/nin.12188

Muzakki M, Christina C. Bagaimana transformational leadership memfasilitasi work innovation : Peran mediasi knowledge management. Jurnal Nusantara Aplikasi Manajemen Bisnis. 2021;6(1):62–73. Available:https://ojs.unpkediri.ac.id/index.php/manajemen/article/view/15228

Tesluk PE, Farr JL, Klein SR. Influences of organizational culture and climate on individual creativity. Journal of Creative Behavior. 1997;31(1): 27–41. Available:https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2162-6057.1997.tb00779.x

Amabile TM, Schatzel EA, Moneta GB, Kramer SJ. Corrigendum to Leader behaviors and the work environment for creativity: Perceived leader support [The Leadership Quarterly. 2004;15:5-32.

DOI:10.1016/j.leaqua.2003.12.003. Leadership Quarterly. 2006;17(6):679–680 Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.leaqua.2006.10.010

Aryee S, Walumbwa FO, Zhou Q, Hartnell CA. Transformational leadership, innovative behavior, and task performance: Test of mediation and moderation processes. Human Performance. 2012; 25(1):1–25. Available:https://doi.org/10.1080/08959285.2011.631648

Alawamleh M, Ismail LB, Aladwan K, Aya Saleh. The influence of open/closed innovation on employees’ performance. International Journal of Organizational Analysis. 2018;34(1):1–5.

Awan AG, Javed A. Impact of innovation on the performance of employees. Industrial Engineering Letters. 2015;5(6): 1–10.

Jankelová N, Joniaková Z. How to increase production performance of Slovak agricultural companies: The key task of supporting innovative work behavior and information sharing. Agricultural Economics (Czech Republic). 2021;67(1): 11–20. Available:https://doi.org/10.17221/319/2020-AGRICECON